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1.1 字母(Alphabet)

英语总计使用 26 个字母letters),各有大小写之分。在欧洲语言之中,英语是罕见的不使用修饰符diacritics)的文字 —— 所谓修饰符,指的是字母上附加的标记,用以区分发音或者意义,比如,âéç,等等。

Modern English is composed of 26 letters, each with both uppercase and lowercase forms. English stands out among European languages for not using diacritics, which are special marks added to letters to alter their pronunciation or meaning, such as â, é or ç, etc.

北约(NATO)有一套指称英文字母的系统,用以在仅有语音交流的情况下避免歧义 —— 在军事、航空、紧急救助、无线电或者电话沟通等诸多场合中具备不可或缺的作用。

NATO has a system that uses common words to identify each letter, which is particularly helpful for military and civil aviation, emergency serivces, radio or phone communication, and many others to avoid confusion when spelling out words.

LetterPronunciationNATO Phonetic Alphabet
A aAlpha ˈælfə
B bbiːBravo ˈbrɑːvoʊ
C csiːCharlie ˈtʃɑːrliː
D ddiːDelta ˈdeltə
E eEcho ˈekoʊ
F fefFoxtrot ˈfɔːkstrɒt
G gdʒiːGolf ɡɑːf
H heɪtʃHotel hoʊˈtel
I iIndia ˈɪndiə
J jdʒeɪJuliet ˈdʒuːliːˌet
K kkeɪKilo ˈkiːloʊ
L lelLima ˈliːmə
M memMike maɪk
N nenNovember noʊˈvembər
O oOscar ˈɑːskɑːr
P ppiːPapa pəˈpɑː
Q qkjuːQuebec kəˈbek
R rɑːrRomeo ˈroʊmiːˌoʊ
S sesSierra siˈerə
T ttiːTango ˈtæŋɡoʊ
U ujuːUniform ˈjuːnɪfɔːrm
V vviːVictor ˈvɪktər
W wˈdʌbᵊljuːWhiskey ˈwɪskiː
X xeksX-ray ˈeksreɪ
Y ywaɪYankee ˈjæŋkiː
Z zziːZulu ˈzuːluː

在英式英语中,z 被读作 zed

In British, letter z is pronounced as zed.

NOTE

  • 合成语音文件使用的是 OpenAI 的 TTS (Text-to-Speech) 和微软的 Edge's TTS。蓝色喇叭图标是男性语音,红色喇叭图标是女性语音。
  • The synthesized audio files primarily utilizes OpenAI's TTS (Text-to-Speech) and Microsoft Edge's TTS. The blue background speaker iconrepresents a male voice, whereas the red background speaker iconsignifies a female voice.