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2.1.10. ɤ

人类的语音在最底层是相通的 —— 最明显的例证就是所有的语言都一样,不仅都以元音为核心,并且,都有大致相同的基础元音音素,比如 ɑiʊeɔ…… 日文就恰好只有这五个母音。英文还另外有一个 ə;而韩文比英文还要多出一个 ɤ(韩文字符为 ) —— 这个音中文也有,比如,在 “思念” 这个词中, “思”()的韵母就是这个音。

Human speech, at its core, is universal - the clearest example being that all languages share certain fundamental tenets. Every language places vowels at their heart and maintains a similar basic vowel phonemes such as ɑ, i, ʊ, e, ɔ, amongst others. Take Japanese for instance; it uses precisely these five vowels only. English includes one more: ə. Korean even outpaces English by adding another one —ɤ (represented in Hangul as ). Interestingly enough you can find this sound in Mandarin Chinese too — like in of "思念" sīniàn, meaning to miss or remember.

虽然英文的音标列表里并没有收录 ɤ 这个音,可实际上,你试试就知道了:d 被读作 g 被读作 —— 其中的 ɤ 很轻很短;同样,t 实际上被读作 k 被读作 —— 其中的 ɤ 没有气流振动。

Even though the phonetic symbol ɤ isn't included in English phonetic chart, you'll notice something interesting if you try it out: the letter d is actually pronounced as , and g is pronounced as . Here, the ɤ sound is very light and brief. Similarly, t is actually pronounced as , and k is pronounced as , with the ɤ not involving any airflow vibration.