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2.1.4. e/æ

有些词典,针对美式发音,常常会用 ɛ 标注 e 这个音[1]

Some dictionaries often use ɛ to annotate the American English sound of e.

æ 相当于是 e 的更长版本。虽然 æ 后面没有长元音符号 ː,但它的确比其它短元音,算作半长元音

æ can be deemed as a more extended version of e. Even though there's no long vowel symbol ː following æ, it is longer than other short vowels, and is a semi-long vowel.

mouth shape e-æ

亚洲人在读这个音的时候,经过提醒,都能做到把嘴巴张得相对更大一点,但都会不由自主地将它读成更短的版本。

When Asians try to pronounce this sound, once reminded, they can usually open their mouths a bit wider, but they often unconsciously make the sound shorter than it should be.

æ 的发音有两个要点:

  1. 音拉长一点
  2. 嘴张大一点

There are two key points to pronouncing æ:

  1. Stretch the sound a little longer
  2. Open your mouth wider

其中,第一个要点相对更为重要。你可以多试试这两个词,apple ˈæpəlbanana bəˈnænə,并刻意把其中的 æ 拉得更长一点。

The first point is relatively more important. Try saying these two words: apple ˈæpəl and banana bəˈnænə, and try intentionally stretching the æ a little longer.


  1. In IPA, e is actually pronounced more like , a front, closed, unrounded vowel, while e in CEPD is equivalent to ɛ in IPA, a front, open-mid, unrounded vowel. ↩︎