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2.2.5 f/v

k/g 不一样,f/v 的发声重点是可以看到的:下嘴唇略微收回,上牙贴在下嘴唇上,而后开始发音。

Unlike k/g, the articulation of f/v is actually visible: the lower lip retracts slightly, and the upper teeth rest on the lower lip before beginning to sound.

articulator-tongue-tip-fv

韩语中没有这两个音,所以,他们会不由自主地用 p 替代 f,用 b 替代 v;所以,我们经常会听到韩国人把 photo 说成 ˈpoʊˌtoʊ,把 video 说成 ˈbɪdioʊ……

The Korean language lacks these two sounds, so Koreans will instinctively replace f with p and v with b. As a result, you often hear Koreans pronouncing video as ˈpoʊˌtoʊ and video as ˈbɪdioʊ...

中国南方有些方言里也没有 f,所以,他们可能会用 hw 替代 f,比如,把 fight 读成 hwaɪt;中文的普通话里没有 v,所以,中国人经常把用 w 替换 v,比如,把 very 读成 ˈwɛri……

Some dialects in southern China also lack the f sound, so speakers might substitute f with hw. For instance, they might pronounce fight as hwaɪt. Mandarin Chinese doesn't have a v sound, so Chinese speakers often replace v with w, like pronouncing very as ˈwɛri...

另外需要注意的是,与 p/bt/dk/g 不一样,f/v 在发声的时候不带任何轻微的元音音色。

Another thing to note is that, unlike p/b, t/d, and k/g, f/v are pronounced without any slight vowel qualities.